In the summer of 2006 Israel and Hezbollah, a militia based in Lebanon and designated as a terrorist organization were engaged in an all out war.
On paper, this was no contest. Israel’s military was the most advanced in the Middle East. Hezbollah was a guerrilla army and while it might have some chances in hit and run attacks it was no match for a conventional army in a face to face fight.
Besides, Hezbollah had fought Israel a few years ago and as expected was handed out a brutal beating.
So it shocked everyone when this time around Hezbollah did not fold as expected and in many engagements even beat back Israeli troops.
For a nation whose aims were to exterminate one of its most strident enemies, the survival of Hezbollah was widely recognized as its defeat.